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Tropical cyclones are responsible for the highest number of deaths (3,461), followed by drought/heatwave events (2,993) and severe storms (1,578). From 1980–2016, the annual average number of billion-dollar events is 5.8 (CPI-adjusted).
For the most recent 5 years (2013–2017), the annual average is 11.6 events (CPI-adjusted).
The damage from Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria alone are responsible for approximately 5.0 billion of the 6.2 billion (NOAA 2017). Harvey was a category 4 hurricane making landfall near Rockport, Texas and causing widespread damage.
Each of these destructive hurricanes now joins Katrina and Sandy, in the new top 5 costliest U. A flooded neighborhood on the Texas coast on August 27, 2017, during Hurricane Harvey.
These trends are further complicated by the fact that many population centers and infrastructure exist in vulnerable areas like coasts and river floodplains, while building codes are often insufficient in reducing damage from extreme events.
Climate change is also paying an increasing role in the increasing frequency of some types of extreme weather that lead to billion-dollar disasters. is weather and climate conscious for good reason, as each geographic region faces a unique combination of persistent hazards.
The costs for Irma are approximately billion, which excludes additional severe damage to non-US territories.
In mid-September, Hurricane Maria barreled through the southern Caribbean on a path toward Puerto Rico. Maria's extreme winds caused widespread devastation to Puerto Rico's transportation, agriculture, communication and energy infrastructure.
This graphic, sometimes called a "Haywood Plot" shows the month-by-month accumulation of billion dollar disasters for each year on record.Severe wind and storm surge damage also occurred along the coasts of Florida and South Carolina.Jacksonville, FL and Charleston, SC received near-historic levels of storm surge causing significant coastal flooding.However, the height of the wildfire season occurred in October, as a historic firestorm damaged or destroyed over 15,000 homes, businesses and other structures across central California and caused 44 deaths.The Thomas fire was one of several California blazes that could have qualified as a billion-dollar disaster on its own. Incredibly, another California firestorm developed in early December from persistent Santa Ana winds and extremely dry conditions. Billion-dollar disaster events from 1980 to 2017 (as of January 8, 2018) is dominated by tropical cyclone losses.
Irma was another category 4 hurricane when it made landfall at Cudjoe Key, Florida after devastating the U. Virgin Islands - St John and St Thomas - as a category 5 storm.